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A Multidisciplinary Bibliography
Social Sciences
The Juggler (Conflagration) by Karin Turner women are not special specimens of womanhood; rather, they are women who have been given less protected and more burdensome positions in society.
Toinette M. Eugene

Beauboeuf-Lafontant, Tamara. "Strong Black Women?: Exploring Relationships Between Deviant Womanhood and Weight." Gender and Society 17, no. (February 2003): 111+.

Boisnier,, Alicia D. "Race and Women's Identity Development: Distinguishing Between Feminism and Womanism Among Black and White Women." Sex Roles 49, nos. 5-6 (September 2003): 211-218.

Bowleg, Lisa. "Triple Jeopardy and Beyond: Multiple Minority Stress and Resilence Among Black Lesbians." Journal of Lesbian Studies 7 no. 4 (2003): 87+.

Boyd, Julia A. "Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Feminist Therapy: Keys to Power." In The Black Woman's Health Book: Speaking For Ourselves, ed. Evelyn C. White. Seattle: Seal Press, 1994.

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy. "Recurrent Themes in the Treatment of African American Women in Group Psychotherapy." Women and Therapy: A Feminist Quarterly 11, no. 2 (1991): 25-40.

Brown, Diane R. and Verna M. Keith, eds. In and Out of Our Right Minds: The Mental Health of African American Women. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Buchanan, NiCole T., Isis H. Settles, and Krystal C. Woods. "Comparing Sexual Harassment Subtypes Among Black and White Women BY Military Rank: Double Jeopardy, The Jezebel, and The Cult of True Womanhood." Psychology of Women Quarterly 32 (2008): 347-361.

Burack, Cynthia. "Crossing Boundaries: Black Feminism and Group Leadership." Gender & Psychoanalysis 2, no. 3 (July 1997): 343-367.

          . Healing Identities: Black Feminist Thought and the Politics of Groups. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004.

Childs, E. Kitch. "Therapy, Feminist Ethics, and the Community of Color with Particular Emphasis on the Treatment of Black Women." In Feminist Ethics in Psychotherapy, eds. Hannah Lerman and Natalie Porter. New York: Springer Publishing, 1990.

Christian, Frances M., Cheryl s. Al-Mateen, Carmen T. Webb and Lucia S. Donatelli. "Stress, Coping and the Mental Health of African American women." In African American Women: An Ecological Perspective, eds. Norma J. Burgess and Eurnestine Brown. New York: Falmer Press, 2000.

Eugene, Toinette M. "Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child: The Call and Response for a Liberational Ethic of Care by Black Feminists." In Who Cares?: Theory, Research, and Educational Implications of the Ethic of Care, ed. Mary M. Brabeck. New York: Praeger, 1989.

Faulkner, Jan. "The Full-Figured Black Woman: Issues of Racism and Sizeism." In Racism in the Lives of Women: Testimony, Theory, and Guides to Antiracist Practice, eds. Jeanne Adleman and Gloria M. Enguidanos, 271-279. New York: Haworth, 1995.

Foster, Nena. "Reinscribing Black Women's Position within HIV and AIDS Discourses." Feminism & Psychology 17, no. 3 (Aug. 2007): 323-329.

Fulani, Lenora.The Psycopathology of Everyday Racism and Sexism. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1988. Simultaneously issued under the title The Politics of Race and Gender in Therapy (Haworth Press, 1988); and a special issue of Women and Therapy, 6, no. 4 (Winter 1987).

Gentry, Quinn M. "Black Feminist Theory As Behavior Change Theory and Practice." In Black Women's Risk for HIV: Rough Living. New York: Haworth Press, 2007.

Goodman, Diane J. "African-American Women's Voices: Expanding Theories of Women's Development." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 7, no. 2 (1990): 3-14.

Greene, Beverly. "African American Women." In Women of Color: Integrating Ethnic and Gender Identities in Psychotherapy. eds. L. Comas-Diaz and Beverly Greene. New York: Guilford Press, 1994.

          . "African-American Women: The Burden of Racism and Sexism." American Family Therapy Association Newsletter 48 (Summer 1992): 20-23.

          . "An African American Perspective on Racism and Anti-Semitism Within Feminist Organizations." In Racism in the Lives of Women: Testimony, Theory, and Guides to Antiracist Practice, eds. Jeanne Adleman and Gloria M. Enguidanos. New York: Haworth, 1995.

          . "Black Feminist Psychotherapy." In Feminism and Psychoanalysis: A Critical Dictionary. ed. E. Wright. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.

          . African-American Women: Derivitives of Racism and Sexism in Psychotherapy." In Challenging Racism and Sexism: Alternatives to Genetic Explanations, eds. Ethel Tobach and Betty Rosoff. New York: The Feminist Press, 1994.

          . "Diversity and Difference: The Issue of Race in Feminist Therapy." In Women in Context: Toward a Feminist Reconstruction of Psychotherapy, ed. Marsha Pravder Mirkin.New York: Guilford Press, 1994.

          . "Psychotherapy With African American Women: Integrating Feminist and Psychodynamic Models." Journal of Training and Practice in Professional Psychology 7, no. 1 (1993): 49-66.

          . "Still Here: A Perspective on Psychotherapy with African-American Women." In New Directions in Feminist Psychology: Practice, Theory, and Research, eds. J. Chrisler, and D. Howard. New York: Springer, 1992.

          . "Sturdy Bridges: The Role of African-American Mothers in the Socialization of African-American Children." Women and Therapy 10, nos. 1-2 (1990): 205-225.

          . "What Has Gone Before: The Legacy of Racism and Sexism in the Lives of Black Mothers and Daughters." Women and Therapy 9, nos. 1-3 (1990): 207-230.

          . "When the Therapist is White and the Patient is Black: Considerations for Psychotherapy in the Feminist, Heterosexual and Lesbian Communities." Women and Therapy 5, nos. 2-3 (1986): 41-65.

Griffin, Rachel Alicia. "I AM an Angry Black Woman: Black Feminist Autoethnography, Voice, and Resistance." Women's Studies in Communication 35, no. 2 (2012): 138-157

Haile, Barbara J., and Audreye E. Johnson. "Teaching and Learning About Black Women: The Anatomy of a Course." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 6, no. 1 (1989): 69-73.

Hammond, Virginia W. "'ConsciousSubjectivity' or Use of One's Self in Therapeutic Process." In The Psychopathology of Everyday Racism and Sexism, ed. Lenora Fulani. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1988.

Henderson, Dorothy. "Intersecting Race and Fender in Feminist Theories of Women's Psychological Development." Issues in Mental Health Nursing 18 (1997): 377-393.

Henry, Wilma J, Nicole M. West, and Andrea Jackson. "Hip-Hop's Influence on the Identity Development of Black Female College Students: A Literature Review." Journal of College Student Development 51, no. 3 (May-June 2010): 237-251.

Holvino, Evangelina. "Intersections: The Simultaneity of Race, Gender and Class in Organization Studies." Gender, Work and Organization 17, no. 3 (May 2010): 248-277.

hooks, bell. "Feminism: Crying for Our Souls." Women and Therapy 17, no. 1-2 (1995): 265-271.

Hunter, Andrea G., and Sherrill L. Sellers. "Feminist Attitudes Among African American Women and Men." Gender & Society 12, no. 1 (1998): 81-99.

Johnson, Eleanor. "Reflections on Black Feminist Therapy." In Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology, ed. Barbara Smith. New York: Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press, 1983.

Jones, Charisse and Kumea Shorter-Gooden. Shifting: The Double Lives of Black Women in America. New York: HarperCollins, 2003.

Keita, Gwendolyn P. "Working With Feminist Foremothers to Advance Women's Issues." Interview by Adele Jones. Women and Therapy 17, no. 3-4 (1995): 283-290.

Kingman, Leslie Ann. "European American and African American Men and Women's Valuations of Feminist and Natural Science Research Methods in Psychology." InOral Narrative Research With Black Women, ed. Kim Marie Vaz. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.

Marbley, Aretha Faye. "African-American Women's Feelings on Alienation From Third-Wave Feminism: A Conversation With My Sisters." Western Journal of Balck Studies 29, no. 3 (Fall 2005): 605-615.

Martin, Juanita K and Gordon C. Nagayama Hall. "Thinking Black, Thinking Internal, Thinking Feminist." Journal of Counseling Psychology 39, no. (October 1992): 509+.

Mays, Vickie M. "Even the Rat Was White and Male: Teaching the Psychology of Black Women." In Teaching a Psychology of People: Resources for Gender and Sociocultural Awareness, eds. Phyllis A. Bronstein and Kathryn Quina. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1988.

Mays, Vickie M., Lerita M. Coleman, and James S. Jackson. "Perceived Race-Based Discrimination, Employment Status, and Job Stress in a National Sample of Black Women: Implications for Health Outcomes". Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 1, no. 3 (1996), 319-329.

Mays, Vickie M., and Lillian Comas-Diaz. "Feminist Therapy With Ethnic Minority Populations: A Closer Look at Blacks and Hispanics." Feminist Psychotherapies: Integration of Therapeutic and Feminist Systems, eds. Mary Ann Dutton-Douglas, and Lenore E. A. Walker. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing, 1988.

McDonald, Katrina Bell. "The Psychosocial Dimension of Black Maternal Health: An Intersection of Race, Gender, and Class." In African Americans and the Public Agenda: The Paradoxes of Public Policy, ed. Cedric Herring. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.

Moore, H.B. "The Black Sisterhood: A Second Look." Women and Therapy 1 no. 3 (1982): 39-50.

Myers, Linda J. "A Therapeutic Model for Transcending Oppressions: A Black Feminist Perspective." Women and Therapy 5, no. 4 (1986): 39-49.

Nettles, Saundra Murray. "Psychological Research Methods: Women in the African Diaspora." In Women in Africa and the African Diaspora: A Reader, eds. Rosalyn Terborg-Penn and Andrea Benton Rushing. Washington, D.C.: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Parks, Carlton W., Rhona Nicole Cutts, Kamilah M. Woodson, and Laurie Flarity-White. "Issues Inherent in the Multicultural Feminist Couple Treatment of African American, Same-Gender Loving Female Adult Survivors of Child SExual Abuse." Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 10, no. 3 (2001): 17-34.

Patton, Lori D., and Michelle L. McClure. "Strength in Spirit: A Qualitative Examination of African American College Women and the Role of Spirituality During College." Journal of Negro Education 78, no.1 (Winter 2009): 42-54.

Peterson, Elizabeth A. "African American Women and the Emergence of Self-Will: The Use of Phenomenological Research." In Oral Narrative Research With Black Women, ed. Kim Marie Vaz. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.

Pollard-Terry, Gayle. "A Refined Eye: Sex Scholar Gail Wyatt Clarifies Perceptions of Black Women". Los Angeles Times, 3 January, 2004, Sec. E, p. 1.

Reid, Pamela Trotman.Feminism Versus Minority Group Identity: Not For Women Only." Sex Roles 10 (February 1984): 247-255.

          . "Racism and Sexism: Comparisons and Conflicts." In Challenging Racism and Sexism: Alternatives to Genetic Explanations, eds. Ethel Tobach and Betty Rosoff. New York: The Feminist Press, 1994.

Rhodes, Rita, and Ann Johnson. "A Feminist Approach to Treating Alcohol and Drug Addicted African-American Women." Women and Therapy 20, no. 3 (1997): 23-37.

Ridolfo, Heather, Valerie Chepp, and Melissa Milkie. "Race and Girls' Self-Evaluations: How Mothering Matters." Sex Roles 68 7-8 (April 2013): 496-509.

Roberts, Amelia, Mary S. Jackson, and Iris Carlton-Laney. "Revisiting the Need for Feminism and Afrocentric Theory when Treating African-American Female Substance Abusers." Journal of Drug Issues 30, no. 4 (Fall 2000): 901-918.

Robinson, Christine Renee. "Black Women: A Tradition of Self-Reliant Strength." In Women Changing Therapy, eds. J.H. Robbins and R.J. Siegel. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1985.

Rose, Tricia, compiler Longing to Tell: Black Women Talk About Sexuality and Intimacy. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003.

Suryia, Nayak. Race, Gender, and the Activism of Black Feminist Theory: Working with Audre Lorde. New York: New York, 2015

Szymanski, Dawn M., and Arpana Gupta. "Examining the Relationship Between Multiple Internalized Oppressions and African American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Questioning Persons' Self-Esteem and Psychological Distress." Jounal of Counseling Psychology 56, no. 1 (2009): 110-118.

Tatum, Stephanie L. "Black Female Sex Workers: Racial Identity, Black Feminist Consciousness, and Acculturated Stress." In Black Sexualities: Probing Powers, Passions, Practices, and Policies, eds. Juan Battle and Sandra L. Barnes. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Universtiy Press, 2010.

Terhune, Carol Parker. "Coping in Isolation: The Experiences of Black Women in White Communities." Journal of Black Studies 38, no. 4 (March 2008): 547-564.

Thompson, Lisa B. Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class. Urbana and Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Trotman, Frances K. "African American Mothering: Implications for Feminist Psychotherapy from a Grandmother's Perspective." Women and Therapy 25, no. 1 (2002): 19-36.

Wallace, Gail. "A Research Brief: Exploring Black Feminist Consciousness In the Lives of Fifteen African American Women." Race, Gender & Class 16, no.1-2 (2009): 282-288.

West, Carolyn M. "Black Battered Women: New Directions for Research and Black Feminist Theory." In Charting a New Course For Feminist Psychology, eds Lynn H. Collins, Michelle R. Dunlap and Joan C. Chrisler. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

White, Aaronette M. Ain't I a Feminist: African American Men Speak Out on Fatherhood, Friendship, Forgiveness, and Freedom. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2008.

          . "I am Because We Are: Combined Race and Gender Political Consciousness Among African American Women and Men Anti-Rpae Activists." Women's Studies International Forum 24, no. 2 (2001): 11-24.

          . "It Takes a Village to Raise a Researcher: Narrative Interviewing as Intervention, Reconciliation, and Growth." Journal of Black Psychology 36, no. 1 (February 2010): 75-97.

White, Aaronette M., Michael J. Strube, and Sherri Fisher. "A Black Feminist Model of Rape Myth Acceptance." Psychology of Women Quarterly 22, no. 2 (1998): 157-175.

Williams, Carmen Braun. "African American Women and Feminism: Implications for Therapy." Women and Therapy 22, no. 4 (1999): 1-16.

Williams, Carmen, and Marsha I. Wiggins. "Womanist Spirituality as a Response to the Racism-Sexism Double Bind in African American Women." Counseling and Values 54, no. 2 (April 2010): 175-186.

Williams, Patricia. "American Kabuki." In Birth of a Nation'hood: Gaze, Script and Spectacle in the O.J. Simpson Case, eds. Toni Morrison and Claudia Brodsky Lacour.New York: Pantheon, 1997.

Yoder, Janice D. and Patricia Aniakudo. "'Outsider Within' the Firehouse: Subordination and Diffrence in the Social Interactions of African American Women Firefighters." Gender and Society 11, no. 3 (june 1997): 324-341.

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All images, artwork, and design are copyrighted © and may not be used or reproduced without the express written consent from the following: Background image extrapolated from "True Self" © Karin Turner. "The Juggler (Conflagration)" © Karin Turner. Site design © Gwen Harlow. License to use images may be available through private treaty with the artist.
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