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menu border spacer menu gutter spacer INTRODUCTION
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A Multidisciplinary Bibliography
Social Sciences
Economics
The Juggler (Conflagration) by Karin Turner African American woman's labor market experience is comprised of the superimposition of the "pink collar" on the "black collar." In a word, the "purple collar"!It is an expression of the class/caste/gender differences that permeate U.S. society...it is only through change in systematic forces that the plight of the African American woman, family, and community can be completely alleviated and their full potential reached.
Monica L. Jackson

Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mosell. "Negro Women in Economic Life." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. First published in Opportunity (July 1930): 201-203.

Almquist, Elizabeth M. Minorities, Gender, and Work. Lexington, MA: DC Heath and Company, 1979.

Austin, Regina. "Sapphire Bound!"Wisconsin Law Review no. 3 (May-June 1989): 539+.

Brewer, Rose. "Theorizing Race, Class and Gender: The New Scholarship of Black Feminist Intellectuals and Black Women's Labor." In Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women, eds. Stanlie M. James, Abena P.A. Busia. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Brooks, Siobhan. "Dancing Toward Freedom." In Whores and Other Feminists, ed. Jill Nagle. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Chambers, Veronica. Having it all?: Black Women and Success. New York: Doubleday, 2003.

Collins, Patricia Hill. "African-American Women and Economic Justice: A Preliminary Analysis of Wealth, Family, and African-American Social Class". In Feminist Legal Theory: An Anti-Essentialist Reader, eds. Nancy E. Dowd and Michelle S. Jacobs. New York: New York University Press, 2003.

Davis, Sarita. "The Politics of Prayer, Pantyhose and Friends in High Places: A Black Womanist Perspective on Workfare." Race, Gender & Class 11, no. 4 (2004): 166-183.

Gilkes, Cheryl Townsend. Black Women's Work as Deviance: Social Sources of Racial Antagonism Within Contemporary Feminism. Wellesley, MA: Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, 1979.

Hamer, Jennifer, and Helen Neville. "Revolutionary Black Feminism: Toward a Theory of Unity and Liberation." The Black Scholar 28, no. 3-4 (1998): 22-29.

Harley, Sharon and The Black Women and Work Collective, eds. Sister Circle: Black Women and Work. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2002.

Hesse-Biber, Sharlene. "The Black Woman Worker: A Minority Group Perspective on Women and Work." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 3, no. 1 (1986): 26-34.

Higginbotham, Elizabeth. "Laid Bare by the System: Work and Survival for Black and Hispanic Women." In Class, Race, and Sex: The Dynamics of Control, eds. Amy Swerdlow and Hanna Lessinger.Boston: G.K. Hall, 1983.

Hong, Grace Kyungwon. "'The Future of Our Worlds': Black Feminism and the Politics of Knowledge in the University under Globalization." Meridians: Feminsism, Race, Transnationalism 8, no. 2 (2008): 95-115.

Limbert, Wendy M., and Heather E. Bullock. "'Playing the Fool': U.S. Welfare Policy from a Critical Race Perspective." Feminism & Psychology 15, no. 3 (2005): 253-274.

Jackson, Monica L. "And Still We Rise: African American Women and the U.S. Labor Market." Feminist Issues (Fall 1990): 55-64.

Malveaux, Julianne. "Comparable Worth and its Impact on Black Women." In Slipping Through the Cracks: The Status of Black Women, eds. Margaret C. Simms and Julianne Malveaux. New Brunswick, NY: Transaction Books, 1987.

          . "Current Economic Trends and Black Feminist Consciousness." The Black Scholar 16, no. 2 (1985): 26-31.

          . "Race and Class in Nursing Occupations." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 3, no. 1 (1986): 41-45.

          . Recent Trends in Occupational Segregation by Race and Sex. Committee on Women's Employment and Related Social Issues, National Academy of Science, 1982.

          . "The Sexual Politics of Black People: Angry Black Women, Angry Black Men." The Black Scholar 10, nos. 8-9 (1979): 32-35

          . "Three Views of Black Women. " The Myths, the Statistics, and a Personal Account." Heresies (Winter 1979): 50-55.

Malveaux, Julianne, and Margaret Simms. "A Legislative/Policy Agenda to Improve the Status of Black Women." In Slipping Through the Cracks: The Status of Black Women, eds. Margaret C. Simms and Julianne Malveaux. New Brunswick, NY: Transaction Books, 1987.

Mullings, Leith. "Households Headed by Women: The Politics of Race, Class, and Gender." In Conceiving the New World Order: The Global Politics of Reproduction, eds. Faye D. Ginsburg and Rayna Rapp. Berkeley: University Of California Press, 1995.

Nadasen, Premilla. Welfare Warriors: The Welfare Rights Movement in the United States. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Newsome, Yvonne D. "Reversal of Fortune: Explaining the Decline in Black Women's Earnings." Gender and Society 16, no. 4 (August 2002): 442-464.
Orleck, Annelise. Storming Caesars Palace: How Black Mothers Fought Their Own War on Poverty. Boston: Beacon Press, 2005.

Roberts, Dorothy E. "The Value of Black Mother's Work." In Critical Race Feminism: A Reader, ed. Adrien Katherine Wing. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Valk, Anne. "Defining Welfare Rights." In Radical Sisters: Second-Wave Feminism and Black Liberation in Washington, D.C.. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Wallace, Michele. "Feminism, Race, and the Division of Labor". In Dark Designs and Visual Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.

Williams, Mrs. Fannie Barrier. "The Woman's Part in a Man's Business." Voice of the Negro 1, no. 11 (November 1904): 543-547.

Zook, Kristal Brent. "Memoir: Dreaming the Delta." Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism 3, no. 2 (2003): 278-288.

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All images, artwork, and design are copyrighted © and may not be used or reproduced without the express written consent from the following: Background image extrapolated from "True Self" © Karin Turner. "The Juggler (Conflagration)" © Karin Turner. Site design © Gwen Harlow. License to use images may be available through private treaty with the artist.
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