borderspacer gutter spacer menu spacer gutter spacer body spacer gutter spacer border spacer
border spacer gutter spacer menu spacer gutter spacer body spacer gutter spacer border spacer
border spacer gutter spacer Black American Feminisms header gutter spacer border spacer
border spacer gutter spacer menu spacer gutter spacer body spacer gutter spacer border spacer
border spacer gutter spacer
menu border spacer menu gutter spacer menu links text spacer menu gutter spacer menu border spacer
menu border spacer menu gutter spacer menu border spacer
menu border spacer menu gutter spacer INTRODUCTION
- Introduction
- Purpose
- Description & Scope
- Locating Resources

ARTS & HUMANITIES
- Art
- Cultural Criticism
- Media, Film & TV
- Language &
  Literature

- Lesbian
  Subjectivities

- Music
- Religion &
  Philosophy


SOCIAL SCIENCES
- Anthropology
- Economics
- History
- Politics
- Legal Theory
- Psychology
- Sociology

EDUCATION
- The Academy
- History of Education
- Pedagogy &
  Philosophy


HEALTH, MEDICINE & SCIENCE
- Health and Healing
- Science, Medicine,
  & Technology


(Auto)Biography, Memoirs, Personal Narratives

Interviews

Speeches

Multidisciplinary Anthologies

Periodicals: Special Issues

Web Sites

Submit Reference

Home
menu gutter spacer menu border spacer
menu border spacer menu gutter spacer menu border spacer
menu border spacer
gutter spacer
A Multidisciplinary Bibliography
Social Sciences
Politics: Visions and Struggles
The Juggler (Conflagration) by Karin Turner The most general statement of our politics at the present time would be that we are actively committed to struggling against racial, sexual, heterosexual, and class oppression and see as our particular task the development of integrated analysis and practice based upon the fact that the major systems of oppression are interlocking. The synthesis of these oppressions creates the conditions of our lives. As black women we see black feminism as the logical political movement to combat the manifold and simultaneous oppressions that all women of color face.
The Combahee River Collective

A Woman cannot have any political, economic or social rights in a capitalist society where she suffers from class oppression and discrimination because of sex and race.
Frances M. Beale

Adu-Poku, Samuel. "Envisioning (Black) Male Feminism: A Cross-Cultural Perspective." In Feminism and Masculiniites, ed. Peter F. Murphy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

"African American Women in Defense of Ourselves." New York Times, 17 November 1991, 53. Reprinted in The Black Feminist Reader, eds. Joy James and Tracey Denean Sharpley-Whiting (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2000).

Alexander, Jacqui. "Remembering This Bridge, Remembering Ourselves: Yearning Memory, and Desire." In This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions for Transformation, eds. Gloria E. Anzaldua and Analouise Keating. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Alexander-Floyd, Nikol G. Gender, Race, and Nationalism in Contemporary Black Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

          . "'We Shall Have Our Manhood': Black Macho, Black Nationalism and the Million Man March." Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism. 3, no. 2 (2003): 171-203.

Alexander-Floyd, Nikol G., and Evelyn M. Simien " Revisitng 'What's in a Name?' Exploring the Contours of Africana Womanist Thought." Frontiers: A Journal of Women's studies 27, no. 1 (January 2006): 67-90.

Athey, Stephanie. "Reproductive Health, Race and Technology: Political Fictions and Black Feminist Critiques 1970s-1990s." Sage Race Relations Abstracts 22, no. 1 ( February 1997): 3-27.

Austin, Alegernon. "Theorizing Difference Within Black Feminist Thought: the Dilemma of Sexism in Black Communitites." Race, Gender & Class: An Interdisciplianry and Multicultural Journal 6, no. 3 (1000): 52-66.

Baker-Fletcher, Karen. "Womanism, Afro-Centrism, and the Reconstruction of Black Womanhood." In Perspectives on Womanist Theology, ed. Jacquelyn Grant. Atlanta: ITC Press, 1995.

Bates, Karen Ransby. "NOW, Paula Jones and Miss Anne." Los Angeles Times. 27 April 1998, sec. B, p. 1, home edition.

Baxandall, Rosalyn. "Re-Visioning the Women's Liberation Movement's Narrative: Early Second Wave African American Feminists." Feminist Studies 27, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 225-245.

Beale, Frances M. "Double Jeopardy: To Be Female and Black." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of Black Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in The Black Woman, ed. Toni Cade, (New York: Signet, 1970).

          . "Slave of a Slave No More: Black Women in Struggle." The Black Scholar 12, no. 6 (November-December 1981): 16-24. Originally published in The Black Scholar 6, no. 6 (March 1975).

Boyd, Melba Joyce. "Collard Greens, Clarence Thomas, and the High-Tech Rape of Anita Hill." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds., Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

Bray, Rosemary L. "Taking Sides Against Ourselves." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds., Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

Breines, Winifred. "Sixties Stories' Silences: White Feminism, Black Feminism, Black Power." NWSA Journal 8, no. 3 (Fall 1996): 101-122.

          . "Struggling to Connect: White and Black Feminsm in the Movement Years." Contexts 6, no. 1 (2007): 19-25. Reprinted in Contexts 6, no. 1 (Winter 2007): 18-24.

Brewer, Rose M. "Black Radical Theory and Practice: Gender, Race and Class." Socialism and Democracy 17, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2003): 109-122.

          . "Theorizing Race, Class and Gender: The New Scholarship of Black Feminist Intellectuals and Black Women's Labor." In Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women, eds. Stanlie M. James and Abena P.A. Busia. New York: Routledge, 1993. Reprinted in Materialist Feminism: A Reader in Class, Difference, and Women's Lives, eds Rosemary Hennessy and Chrys Ingraham (New York: Routledge, 1997).

Brody, Jenifer DeVere. "Effaced into Flesh: Black Women's Subjectivity." Genders 24 (1996): 184-205.

Brown, Damita. "History is a Hungry Traveler: Radical Black Feminism and the Subjects of Liberation." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Santa Cruz, 2000.

"Brown, Elsa Barkley. "'What Happened Here?': The Politics of Difference in Women's History and Feminist Politics. "Feminist Studies 18 (Summer 1992): 295-312. Reprinted in The Second Wave: A Reader in Feminist Theory, ed. Linda Nicholson. (New York: Routledge, 1997).

Burack, Cynthia. Healing Identities: Black Feminist Thought and the Politics of Groups. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004.

Burnham, Linda. "Has Poverty Been Feminized in Black America?" The Black Scholar 16 (March-April 1985): 14-24.

          . "Race and Gender: The Limits of Analogy." In Challenging Racism and Sexism: Alternatives to Genetic Explanations, eds. Ethel Tobach, and Betty Rosoff. New York: The Feminist Press, 1994.

Burrow, Rufus Jr. "Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman." In Black Men on Race, Gender, and Sexuality: A Critical Reader, ed. Devon W. Carbado. New York: New York University Press, 1999.

Bush, Roderick. "Black Feminism Intersectionality, and the Critique of Masculinist Models of Liberation." In The End of White World Supremacy: Black Internationalism and the Problem of the Color Line. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2009.

Butler, Johnella. "Difficult Dialogues." Women's Review of Books February 1989.

Carroll, Tamar. "Unlikely Allies: Forging a Multiracial, Class-Based Women's Movement in 1970s Brooklyn." In Feminist Coalitions: Historical Perspectives on Second-Wave Feminism in the United States, ed. Stephanie Gilmore. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Chambers, Veronica. "Betrayal Feminism." In Listen Up: Voices From the Next Generation, ed. Barbara Findlen. Seattle: Seal Press, 1995.

          . "Remembering the Future: Discrimination Among Feminists." Ms. Magazine 8, no, 2 (September-October 1997): 91+.

Chang, Robert s. and Adrienne D. Davis. "The Adventure(s) of Blackness in Western Culture: An Epistolary Exchange on Old and New Identity Wars." U.C. Davis Law Review 39 (2005-2006): 1189-1210.

Chapman, Katherine Davis. "Some Girls that I Know." In The Collected Works of Katherine Davis Chapman, ed Claudia Tate. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Chisolm, Shirley. "Facing the Abortion Question." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in Shirley Chisolm, Unbought and Unbossed (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970).

          . "Racism and Anti-Feminism." Black Scholar 1 (January/February 1970): 17-21.

          . "Sexism and Racism: One Battle to Fight." Personnel and Guidance Journal 51 (1972): 123-126.

          . "Women Must Rebel." In Voices of the New Feminism, ed. Mary Lou Thompson. Boston: Beacon Press, 1970.

Christian, Barbara. "Camouflaging Race and Gender." Representations 55 (Summer 1996): 120-128.

Cleage, Pearl. "What Can I Say." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in the Atlanta Tribune (June 1994).

Cleaver, Kathleen Neal. "Racism, Civil Rights, and feminism." In Critical Race Feminism: A Reader, ed Adrie Katherine Wing. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Cole, Johnetta B. Conversations: Straight Talk With America's Sister President. New York: Doubleday, 1993.

Cole Johnnetta Betsch and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. "Collisions: Black Liberation Versus Women's Liberation." In Gender Talk: The Struggle for Women's Equality in African American Communities. New York: One World Ballantine Books, 2003.

Collins, Lisa. "Black Feminists and the Equal Rights Amendment." Sepia 28 (October 1979): 18-24.

Collins, Patricia Hill. From Black Power to Hip Hop: Racism, Nationalism, and Feminism. Philadelphia: Temple Uniersity Press, 2006.

          . "Gender Black Feminism, and Black Political Economy." In The Study of African American Problems: W.E.B. Du Bois's Agenda, The and Now, eds. Elijah Anderson and Tukufu Zuberi. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000.

          . On Intellectual Activism. Philadelphis, PA: Temple University Press, 2013.

          . "Who's Going On?: Black Feminist Thought and the Politics of Postmodernism." In Working the Ruins: Feminist Poststructural Theory and Methods in Education, eds. Elizabeth A. St. Pierre and Wanda S. Pillow. New York Routledge, 2000.

Combahee River Collective. The Combahee River Collective Statement: Black Feminist Organizing in the 1970s and 1980s. Lanham, New York: Kitchen Table, Women of Color Press, 1986.

          . "A Black Feminist Statement." In This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color, eds. Cherrie Moraga and Gloria Anzaldua. Watertown, MA: Persephone Press, 1981. Originally published in Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism, ed. Zillah Eisenstein (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1978). Reprinted in Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall (New York: New Press, 1995). Reprinted in Modern American Women: A Documentary History, ed. Susan Ware (New York: McGraw Hill, 1997). Reprinted in The Black Feminist Reader, eds. Joy James and Tracey Denean Sharpley-Whiting (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2000). Reprinted in The Second Wave: A Reader in Feminist Theory, ed. Linda Nicholson. (New York: Routledge, 1997).

          . "Six Black Women - Why Did They Die?." Aegis Magazine on Ending Violence Against Women (May-June 1979): 29-31. Reprinted in Radical America 13, no. 6 (1979): 40-49.

Cooper, Anna Julia. "Our Raison d'Etre." In The Voice of Anna Julia Cooper: Including A Voice From the South and Other Important Essays, Papers, and Letters, eds. Charles Lemert and Esme Bhan. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.

          . "The Status of Women in America." In A Voice of the South, By a Black Woman of the South. Xenia, Ohio: Aldine Printing House, 1892.Reprint, New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. Reprinted in The Voice of Anna Julia Cooper: Including A Voice From the South and Other Important Essays, Papers, and Letters, eds. Charles Lemert and Esme Bhan. (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998). Reprinted in Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall (New York: New Press, 1995).

          . "The Woman Versus the Indian." In A Voice of the South, By a Black Woman of the South. Xenia:, Ohio: Aldine Printing House, 1892. Reprint, New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. Reprinted in The Voice of Anna Julia Cooper: Including A Voice From the South and Other Important Essays, Papers, and Letters, eds. Charles Lemert and Esme Bhan. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.

          . "Womanhood A Vital Element in the Regeneration and Progress of a Race." In A Voice of the South, By a Black Woman of the South. Xenia, Ohio: Aldine Printing House, 1892.Reprint, New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Crawford, Vicki. "On the Clarence Thomas Hearings." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds., Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

Crenshaw, Kimberle W. "Colorblind Dreams and Racial Nightmares." In Birth of a Nation'hood: Gaze, Script, and Spectacle in the O.J. Simpson Case, eds. Toni Morrison and Claudia Brodsky Lacour. New York: Pantheon Books, 1997.

          , et al. "Sexuality After Thomas/Hill." Tikkun 7, no. 1 (1992): 25-30, 96.

Davenport, Doris. "The Pathology of Racism: A Conversation with Third World Wimmin." In This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color, eds. Cherrie Moraga and Gloria Anzaldua. Watertown, MA: Persephone Press, 1981.

Davis, Adrienne, and Stephanie M. Wildman. "The Legacy of Doubt: The Treatment of Sex and Race in the Hill Thomas Hearing." In Critical Race Feminism: A Reader, ed. Adrien Katherine Wing. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Davis, Angela Y. "Prison Abolition." In Black Genius: African American Solutions to African American Problems, ed. Walter Mosley. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999.

          . "Racism and Contemporary Literature on Rape." Freedomways 16, no. 1 (1976): 25-33.

          . "Rape, Racism and the Capitalist Setting." The Black Scholar 9, no. 7 (1978): 24-30.

          . Violence Against Women and the Ongoing Challenge to Racism. Latham, NY: Kitchen Table Press, 1985.

          . Women, Culture & Politics. New York: Random House, 1984.

          . Women, Race & Class. New York: Random House, 1981.

          . "Women , Race, and Class: An Activist Perspective." Women's Studies Quarterly 10, no. 4 (1982): 5-9.

Davis, Beverly. "To Seize the Moment: A Retrospective on the Black Feminist Organization." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 5, no. 2 (1988):43-48.

Davis, Marcia. "From the Ground Up: A Grassroots Struggle for Women's Equality." Emerge June 1985, 34-37 +.

Dawson, Michael C. "A Vision of Their Own: Identity and Black Feminist Ideology". In Black Visions: The Roots of African-American Political Ideologies Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

DuCille, Ann. "The Unbearable Darkness of Being: Fresh Thoughts on Race, Sex and the Simpsons. In Birth of a Nation'hood: Gaze, Script, and the Spectacle of the O.J. Simpson Case, eds. Toni Morrison and Claudia Brodsky Lacour. New York: Pantheon, 1997.

Douglass, Frederick. "The Rights of Women." In Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality, eds. Rudolph P. Byrd and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. "The Personal is Not Political Enough." Marxist Perspectives 2 (Winter 1979-80): 94-113.

Gaines, Kevin. "From Center to Margin: Internationalism and the Origins of Black Feminism." In Materializing Democracy: Toward a Revitalized Cultural Politics, eds Russ Castronovo and Dana D. Nelson. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.

Garvey, Amy Jacques. Garvey. "No Sex in Brains and Ability." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in The Negro World, (27 December 1924).

          . "The Role of Women in Liberation Struggles." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in Massachusetts Review (Winter-Spring 1972): 109-112.

          . "Women as Leaders." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in The Negro World 25 October 1925.

Gay, Claudine and Katherine Tate. "Doubly Bound: The Impact of Gender and Race on the Politics of Black Women." Political Psychology 19, no. 1 (1998): 169-184.

Giddings, Paula. "A Conversation with Johnnetta Betsch Cole." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 5, no. 2 (1988): 56-59.

Gilliam, Dorothy. "Feminism." Los Angeles Times 18 July 1983, sec B, p. 1, final edition.

Gilmore, Angela D. "It Is Better to Speak." In Critical Race Feminism: A Reader, ed. Adrien Katherine Wing. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Glass, Kathy L. "Tending to the Roots: Anna Julia Cooper's Socipolitical Thought and Activism." Meridains: Feminism, Race, and Transnationalism 6, no. 1 (2005): 23-55.

Gordon, Vivian Verdell. Black Women, Feminism, and Black Liberation: Which Way?. Chicago: Third World Press, 1987.

Goswami, Namita. "The Second Sex: Philosophy, Postcolonialism, African American Feminism, and the Race for Theory." Angelaki: Journal of Theoretical Humanities 13, no. 32 (August 2008): 73-91.

Gregory, Carole. "A Likely Possibility: Conversation Between Zora Neale Hurston and Carole Gregory." The Black Collegian 10 (April/May 1980): 5.

          . "Black Activists." Heresies 9: Women /Organized/Divided 3 (1980): 1.

          . "Feminists Are Asking the Questions." Freedomways 19, no. 1 (1979): 21-26.

          . "On Becoming a Feminist Writer." Heresies 15: Racism is the Issue 4 (1982): 3.

Guy-Sheftall, Beverly. ":African American Women: The Legacy of Black Feminism." In Sisterhood is Forever: The Women's Anthology for a New Millennium, New York: Washington Square Press, 2003.

          . "Breaking the Silence: A Black Feminist Response to the Thomas/Hill Hearings (for Audre Lorde)." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds. Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen.New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

          . "Reconstructing a Black Female Intellectual Tradition: Commentary on Harold Cruse's The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual." Voices of the African Diaspora: The CAAS Research Review 9, no. 1 (Winter 1994): 20-21.

Haden, Patricia, Donna Middleton, and Patricia Robinson. "A Historical and Critical Essay for Black Women." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in Voices From Women's Liberation, ed. Leslie Tanner (New York: American Library, 1970).

Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd. Revolt Against Chivalry: Jessie Daniel Ames and the Women's Campaign Against Lynching. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Hall, Ruth L. "Voices of Black Feminist Leaders: Making Spaces for Ourselves." In Women and Leadership: Transforming Visions and Diverse Voices, eds. Jean Lau Chin, et al. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007.

Hamer, Jennifer, and Helen Neville. "Revolutionary Black Feminism: Toward a Theory of Unity and : Liberation." The Black Scholar 28, no. 3-4 (1998): 22-29.

Hammonds, Evelynn M. "Clarence Thomas, Affirmative Action, and the Academy." In Beyond a Dream Deferred: Multicultural Education and the Politics of Excellence, ed. Becky Thompson and Sangeeta Tyagi. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

          . "Invisible Sisters." The Women's Forum 31 May 1980, 10+.

          . "Toward a Black Feminist Aesthetic." Sojourner January 1982, 5.

          . "Who Speaks for Black Women?" Sojourner October 1991, 7-8

Harnois, Catherine. "Different Paths to Different Feminisms: Bridging Multiracial Feminist Theory and Quantitative Sociological Gender Research." Gender & Society 19, no. 6 (December 2005): 809-828.

Harper, Frances E.W. "Woman's Political Future." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in Worlds Congress of Representative Women, ed. May Wright Sewall. (Chicago: Rand McNally and Co., 1894).

Harris, Bonnie Claudia. "Diasporadas: Black Women and the Fine Art of Activism." Meridians 2, no. 2 (2002): 163-184.

Harris, Duchess. Black Feminist Politics From Kennedy to Clinton. New York: Palgrave Macmillian, 2009.

Harris, Luke Charles. "The Challenge and Possibility for Black Males to Embrace Feminism." In Black Men on Race, Gender, and Sexuality: A Critical Reader, ed. Devon W. Carbado. New York: New York University Press, 1999.

Harris-Lacewell, Melissa. "No Place to Rest: African American Political Attitudes and the Myth of Black Women's Strength." Women and Politics 23, no. 3 (2001): 1-33.

Hartmann, Susan M. "Closing Gaps in Civil Rights and Women Rights: Black Women and Feminism." In The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.

          . "Pauli Murray and the 'Juncture of Women's Liberation and Black Liberation'." Journal of Women's History 14, no. 2 (2002): 74-77.

Harvin, Cassandra Byers. "Conversations I Can't Have." On the Issues: The Progressive Woman's Quarterly 5, no. 2 (1996): 15+.

Hawks, JoAnne V. "A Challenge to Racism and Sexism: Black Women in Southern Legislatures, 1965-1986." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 5, no. 2 (1988): 20-23.

Hemmons, Willa Mae. Black Women in the New World Order: Social Justice and the African American Female. New York: Praeger, 1996.

Henry, Astrid. "To Be , or Not to Be Real: Black Feminists and the Emerging Third Wave." In Not My Mother's Sister: Generational Conflict and Third-Wave Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.

hooks, bell. Ain't I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism. Boston: South End Press, 1981.

          . Black Women: Shaping Feminist Theory. In Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology, eds Ann E. Cudd, and Robin O. Andreasen. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2005. Originally published in Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center, bell hooks, (Boston: South End Press, 1984). Reprinted in the Black Feminist Reader, ed. Joy James, and T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2000). Reprinted in Feminism and 'Race', ed. Kum Kum Bhavnani, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Reprinted in African Philosophy: An Anthology, ed. emmanuel Chukwudi Eze (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Reprinted in A History of Our Time: Readings on Postwar America, eds. William H. Chafe and Harvard Sitkoff, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995). Reprinted in Words of Fire: An Anthology of African American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall, (New York: New Press, 1995). Reprinted in Philosophy of Woman: An Anthology of Classic to Current Content, ed. Mary Briody Mahowald, (Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1984).

          . "Dissident Heat: Fire With Fire." Zeta Magazine March 1994.

          . "Feminism: A Transformational Politic." In Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Differences, ed. Deborah L. Rhodes. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990.

          . "Feminism and Racism: The Struggle Continues." Zeta Magazine July-August 1990, 41-43.

          . "Feminism in Black and White." In Black Women and White Women Write About Race, eds. Marita Golden and Susan Richards Shreve.New York: Nan A. Talese, 1995.

          . "Feminism Inside: Toward a Black Body Politic." In Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary Art, ed. Thelma Golden. New York: Whitney Museum of Art, 1994.

          . Feminism: It'a a Black Thang! Bell Hook. Essence 23, no. 2 (July 1992): 124.

          . Feminist Theory From Margin to Center. Boston: South End Press, 1984.

          . "Feminist Transformation." Transition no. 66 (Summer 1995): 93-104.

          . "Future Feminist Movements." Off Our Backs 20 (1990): 9.

          . "Sisterhood: Political Solidarity Between Women." In Feminist Knowledge, ed. Sneja Gunew. NY: Routledge, 1990.

          . Talking Back: Thinking Feminist, Thinking Black. Boston: South End Press, 1989.

Howell, Marcela. "An Ignorant Phone Caller Hits a Nerve; Racism: An African American Activist Finds That Feminism Has Far to go to be More than Just a White Womans's Movement." Los Angeles Times, 22 December 1995, p.9.

Hudson-Weems, Clenora. "Africana Womanism: An Overview." In Out of the Revolution: The Development of Africana Studies, eds. Delores P. Aldridge and Carlene Young. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2000.

          . "Africana Womanis: The Flip Side of a Coin." The Western Journal of Black Studies 25.3 (Fall 2001): 137-145.

Hull, Gloria T. "Girls Will Be Girls, and Boys Will...Flex Their Muscles." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds. Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

Isoke, Zenzele. Urban Black Women and the Politics of Resistance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Jackson, Shirley A. "'Something about the Word': African American Women and Feminism." In No Middle Ground: Women and Radical Protest, ed. Kathleen M. Blee. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

James, Joy, ed. The Angela Davis Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1998.

          . "Antiracist (Pro)Feminisms and Coalition Politics: 'No Justice, No Peace'". In Men Doing Feminism, ed, Tom Digby. New York: Routledge, 1998.

          . "Experience, Reflection, Judgment and Action: Teaching Theory, Talking Community." In Radically Speaking: Feminism Reclaimed, eds. Diane Bell and Renate Klein. North Melbourne, Australia: Spinifex Press, 1996.

          . "The Profeminist Politics of W.E.B. Du Bois with Respects to Anna Julia Cooper and Ida B. Wells Barnett." In W.E.B. Du Bois on Race and Culture: Philosophy, Politcis and Poetics, eds. Bernard W. Bell, emily Grosholz, and James B. Stewart. New York: Routledge, 1996; Revised and reprinted as "Profeminism and Gender Elites: W.E.B. Du Bois, Anna Julia Cooper, and Ida B. Wells-Barnett." In Transcending the Talented Tenth: Black Leaders and American Intellectuals. New York: Routledge, 1997.

          . "Radicalizing Feminism." Race and Class 40, no.4 (1999): 15-31. Reprinted in The Black Feminist Reader, eds. Joy James and Tracey Denean Sharpley-Whiting (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2000).

          . "Radicalizing Feminisms From 'The Movement' Era." In Cultural Studies: From Theory to Action. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2005.

          . Resisting State Violence: Radicalism, Gender and Race in U.S. Culture. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

          . "Resting in Gardens, Battling in Deserts: Black Women's Activism." The Black Scholar 29, no. 4 (Winter 1999): 2-7.

          . "Searching for a Tradition: African-American Women Writers, Activists, and Interracial Rape Cases." In Black Women in America, ed. Kim Marie Vaz. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995.

          . Showdowboxing: Representations of Black Feminist Politics. New York: St. Martins Press, 1999.

          . Transcending the Taleneted Tenth: Black Leaders and American Intellectuals. New York: Routledge, 1997.

          . "Truth Telling." In Skin Deep: Women Writing on Color, Culture and Identity, ed. Elena Featherston.Freedom, CA: the Crossing Press, 1994.

James, Joy Ann. "Black Feminism: Liberation Limbos and Existence in Gray." In Existence in Black: An Anthology of Black Existensial Philosophy, ed. Lewis R. Gordon. New York: Rouledge, 1997.

Jones, Claudia. "An End to the Neglect of the Problems of the Negro Woman!" In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in Political Affairs 27 (1948): 51+. Reprinted in Buzz Johnson's I Think of My Mother: Notes on the Life and Times of Claudia Jones (London: Karia Press, 1985).

Jordan, Emma Coleman. "Race, Gender, and Social Class in the Thomas Sexual Harassment Hearings: The Hidden Fault Lines in Political Discourse." In Critical Race Feminism: A Reader, ed. Adrien Katherine Wing. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Jordan, June. "Black Women Haven't Got it All." The Black Scholar 10 (May-June 1979): 39-40.

          . "Can I Get a Witness?" In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds. Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992. Originally published in The Progressive (December 1991).

          . Civil Wars.Boston: Beacon Press, 1981.

          . "A Gathering Purpose ". The Progressive 62, no. 1 (January 1998): 33+.

          . "Hunters and the Hunted". The Progressive 63, no.10 (October 1999): 17

          . "I am Seeking an Attittude: Women's Rights' History." The Progressive 57, no. 5 (May 1993): 18+.

          . "A New Politics of Sexuality." The Progressive 55, no. 7 (July 1991): 12+.

          . "A Powerful Hatred: White Male Politicians' Animosity Towards Blacks as Evidenced by Welfare Reform." The Prw of Books 10, no. 8 (May 1993): 9+.

          . Technical Difficulties: Selected Political Essays. London: Virago Press, 1992. Joseph, Gloria. "The Incompatible Menage A Trois: Marxism, Feminism, and Racism." In Women and Revolution: A Discussion of the Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism, ed. Lydia Sargent.Boston: South End Press, 1981.

          . "Valentine's Day 1992: Women's Rights." The Progressive 56, no. 3 (March 1992): 13.

          . "Where is the Sisterhood: Gender Genocide Against Females." The Progressive 60, no. 6 (June 1996): 20+.

Katz, Maude White. "The Negro Woman and the Law." Freedomways 2, no. 3 (1965): 278-286.

Kelley, Robin D. G. "'This Battlefield Called Life': Black Feminist Dreams." In Freedom Dreams: The Black Radical Imagination. Boston: Beacon Press, 2002

King, Deborah K. "Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminist Ideology." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 14, no. 1 (1988): 42-72.

          . "Womanist, Womanism, Womanish." In Women's Studies Encyclopedia: Views From the Sciences. Volume 1. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989.

King, Mae C. "Oppression and Power: The Unique Status of the Black Woman in the American Political System." Social Science Quarterly 56, no. 1 (1975): 116-28.

          . "The Politics of Sexual Stereotypes." The Black Scholar 4, nos. 6-7 (1973): 12-23.

Kopacsi, Rosemarie. "The Powers that Might Be: the Unity of White and Black Feminsts." Affilia 3 (September 1988): 33-50.

Ladner, Joyce. "Black Women Face the 21st Century: Major Issues and Problems." The Black Scholar 17, no. 5 (1986): 12-19.

          . Tommorrow's Tommorrow. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1972.

La Rue, Linda. "Black Liberation and Women's Lib." Trans-Action (November-December 1970): 59-64.

          . "The Black Movement and Women's Liberation." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in The Black Scholar 1, no. 7 (1990): 36-42.

Lemons, Gary L. "To Be Black, Male, and Feminist: Making Womanist Space for Black Men on the Eve of a New Millennium." In Feminism and Men: Reconstructing Gender Relations, eds. Steven P. Schacht and Doris W. Ewing. New York: New York Universtiy Press, 1998.

          . "'When and Where [We] Enter': In Search of a Feminist Forefather - Reclaiming the Womanist Legacy of W.E.B. Du Bois." In Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality, eds. Rudolph P. Byrd and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Loiacono, Stephanie. "Blacks and the Women's Movement: Still Seeking Common Ground." Crisis 96, no. 9 (November 1989): 26-27, 45.

Lorde, Audre. "Feminism and Black Liberation: The Great American Disease." The Black Scholar 10, no. 8-9 (1979): 17-20.

          . "Is Your Hair Still Political?" Essence September 1990, 140, 110.

          . Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches by Audre Lorde. Freedom, CA: The Crossing Press, 1984.

          . "Sisterhood and Survival." The Black Scholar 17, no. 2 (1986): 5-7.

Malveaux, Julianne.Black Feminist, Outspoken and Unintimidated. Editorial. Black Issues in Higher Education 7 March 1996, 30.

          . "Black Women's Images in Women's History Month." Black Issues in Higher Education 10, no. 2 (3 March 1993): 38.

          . "No Peace in Sisterly Space." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks Out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds. Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992. Originally published in The Black Scholar 22, no. 1-2 (1991-1992): 68-71.

          . "The Sexual Politics of Black People: Angry Black Women, Angry Black Men." The Black Scholar 10, nos. 8-9, 32-35.

          . Three Views of Black Women - The Myths, the Statistics, and a Personal Statement." Heresies 8: Third World Women - The Politics of Being Other 2 (1979).

Mama, Amina. "Violence Against Black Women: Gender, Race and State Responses." Feminsit Review 32 (summer 1989): 30-48.

Marable, Manning. "Groundings With My Sisters: Patriarchy and the Exploitation of Black Women." How Capitalism Underdeveloped Black America: Problems in Race, Political Economy and Society. Boston: South End Press, 1983.

Marbley, Aretha Faye. "African-American Women's Feelings on Alienation From Third-Wave Feminism: A Conversation With My Sisters." Western Journal of Balck Studies 29, no. 3 (Fall 2005): 605-615.

Marshall, Susan E. "Equity Issues and Black-White Differences in Women's ERA Support" Social Science Quarterly 71 (1990): 299-314.

McBride, Dwight A. "On Race, Gender and Power: The Case of Anita Hill." In Why I Hate Abercrombie and Fitch: Essays on Race and Sexuality. New York: New York University Press, 2005.

McDougald, Elise Johnson. "The Double Task: The Struggle of Negro Women for Sex and Race Emancipation." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall, 1995. Originally published in Survey Graphic 6, no. 6 (March 1925), 689-694.

McDuffie, Erik S. "Esther V. Cooper's 'The Negro Woman Domestic Worker in Relation to Trade Unionism': Black Left Feminism and the Popular Front." American Communist History 7, no. 2 (2008): 203-209.

          . "The March of Young Southern Black Women: Esther Cooper Jackson, Black Left Feminism, and the Personal and Political Costs of Cold War Repression." In Anticommunism and the African American Freedom Movement, eds. Robbie Lieberman and Clarence Lang. New York: Palgrave Macmillian, 2009.

McKay, Nellie Y. "Anita Hill and Clarence Thomas: Personal Reflections on Social Equality and the Rights of Black Women." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 7, no. 2 (1990): 58-60.

McKay, Nellie, Patrica Hill Collins, Mae Henderson and June Jordan. "State of the Art." Women's Review of Books 8 (February 1991): 5+
Milloy, Marilyn. "The New Feminism." Essence September 1997, 117-120, 162, 164.

Miriam, Kathy. "Feminism, Neoliberalism, and Slutwalk." Feminist Studies 38, no. 1 (Spring 2012): 262-266, 268-269.

"Mission Statement of Black Men for the Eradication of Sexism, Morehouse College." In Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality, eds. Rudolph P. Byrd and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Morrison, Toni. "What the Black Woman Thinks About Women's Lib." New York Times Magazine 22 August 1971, 4-15, 63-64, 66.

Morrison, Toni. ed. Race-ing Justice, En-gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality, New York: Pantheon, 1992.

          . "What the Black Woman Thinks About Women's Lib." New York Times Magazine 22 August 1971, 14-15, 63-64, 66.

Murray, Pauli. "The Liberation of Black Women." In Voices of the New Feminism, ed. Mary Lou Thompson.Boston: Beacon Press, 1970. Reprinted in Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall (New York: New Press, 1995).

Nadasen, Premilla. "Expanding the Boundaries of the Women's Movement: Black Feminism and the Struggle for Welfare Rights." Feminist Studies 28, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 271-301.

Nance, Teresa A. "Hearing the Missing Voice." Journal of Black Studies 26, no. 5 (May 1996): 543-559.

Nash, Jennifer. "Practicing Love: Black Feminism, Love-Politics, and Post Interectionality." Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism, 11, no 2 (2013): 1-24.

Neal, Mark Anthony. "My Black Male Feminist Heroes." PopMatters, February 26 2003. http://www.popmatters.com/features/030226-blackfeminists.shtml. (Accessed 04/04/06).

Nelson, Jill. "Beyond the Myth of the Strong Black Woman." Heart and Soul May 1995, 68-70.

          . "Doing Time: Our Women in Prison." Essence 25, no. 1 (May 1994): 83-86+.

          . "Taxi." Ms. September-October 1998, 20.

Neville, Helen A. and Jennifer Hamer. "'We Make Freedom': An Exploration of Revolutionary Black Feminism." Journal of Black Studies 31, no. 4 (March 2001): 437-461.

Newton, Huey P. "The Women's Liberation and the Gay Liberation Movements." In Black Men on Race, Gender, and Sexuality: A Critical Reader, ed. Devon W. Carbado. New York: New York University Press, 1999.

Norman, Brian. "'We' in Redux: The Combahee River Collective's Black Feminist Statement." Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 18, no. 2 (2007): 103-132.

Ntiri, Daphne W. "Reassessing Africana Womanism: Continuity and Change." The Western Journal of Black Studies 25.3 (2001): 163-167.

Omolade, Barbara. "Black Women and Feminism." In The Future of Difference, eds. Hester Einstein and Alice Jardine. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1980.

          . "Ella's Daughters." The Rising Song of African American Women. New York: Routledge, 1994.

          . "The ERA and Black Women." The Black Collegian 35 (April/May 1980): 54-57.

          . "We Speak the Planet." The Rising Song of African American Women. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Painter, Nell Irvin. "Who Was Lynched?"In Getting There: The Movement Toward Gender Equality, ed. Diana Wells. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers/Richard Gallen, 1994.

Parker, Pat. "Revolution: It's Not Neat or Pretty or Quick." In This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color, eds. Cherrie Moraga and Gloria Anzaldua.Watertown, MA: Persephone Press, 1981.

Peoples, Whitney A. "'Under Construction': Identifying Foundations of Hip-Hop Feminism and Exploring Bridges Between Black Second-Wave Feminism and Hip-Hop Feminism." Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalsim 8, no. 1 (2008): 19-52.

Pope, Jacqueline. "The Clarence Thomas Confirmation: Facing Race and Gender Issues." Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks Out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds. Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen.New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

Press, Pat. "Black Women, White Women." Washington Post. 13 October 1983, sec. A, p. 23, final edition.

Price, Kimala. "Hip-Hop Feminism at the Crossroads: Organizing for Reproductive Justice and Beyond." In Home Girls Make Some Noise: Hip Hop Feminsm Antology, eds. Gwendolyn Pough et al. Mira Loma, CA: Parker Publishing, 2007.

Priest, Myisha. "Salvation is the Issue." Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism 8, no. 2 (October 2008): 116-122.

Radford-Hill, Sheila. "Considering Feminism as a Model for Social Change." In Feminist Studies/Critical Studies, ed. Teresa de Lauretis.Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.

          . Further to Fly: Black Women and the Politics of Empowerment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

Randolph, Laura. "The True Pioneers of the Women's Movement." Ebony 46 (August 1991): 96-99.

          . "Black Feminsm at Twenty-One: Reflections on the Evolution of a National Community." Signs: Journal of Women Culture and Society 25, no. 4 (Summer 2000): 1215-

          . "The Gang Rape of Anita Hill and the Assault Upon All Women of African Descent." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks Out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds. Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992. Originally published in The Black Scholar 22, no. 1-2 (1991-1992): 82-85.

Ransby, Barbara. "Abortion is a Race and Class Issue." The Guardian 25 October 1989, 1, 6.

          . "Black Feminism at Twenty-one: Reflections on the Evolution of a National Community." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 25, no. 4 (Summer 2000): 1215-1221.

          . "Coalition to Community." In These Times 28, no. 12-13 (10 May 2004): 31.

          . Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

          . "Fear of a Black Feminist Planet." In These Times. 22, no. 16 (July 12, 1998): 20-22.

Richardson, Marilyn, ed. Maria W. Stewart, America's First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches.Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

Ritchie, Beth E. "A Black Feminist Reflection on the Antiviolence Movement." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 25, no. 4 (2000): 1133-1137.

Roberts, Dorothy. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York: Pantheon, 1997.

Robnett, Belinda. "African American Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Spontaneity and Emotion in Social Movement Theory." In No Middle Ground: Women and Radical Protest, ed. Kathleen M. Blee. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Rosenberg, Rosalind. "The Conjunction of Race and Gender." Journal of Women's History 14, no. 2 (2002): 68-73.

Ross, Loretta J. "A Simple Human Right:The History of Black Women and Abortion." On the Issues 3, no. 2 (1994): 22-25.

Ross, Rosetta E. "Womanist Work and Public Policy: An Exploration of the Meaning of Black Women's Interaction With Political Institutions." In Embracing the Spirit: Womanist Perspectives on Hope Salavation, and Transformation, ed. Emilie Maureen Townes Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1997.

Roth, Benita. "Second Wave Black Feminism in the African Diaspora: News from New Scholarship." Agenda no. 58 (2003): 46-48.

Rustin, Bayard. "Feminism and Equality." In Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality, eds. Rudolph P. Byrd and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Salaam, Kalamu Ya. "Women's Rights Are Human Rights." In Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality, eds. Rudolph P. Byrd and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Sedwick, Cathy, and Reba Williams. "Black Women and the Equal Rights Amendment." The Black Scholar 7, no. 10 (July-August 1976): 24-29.

Shakur, Assata. "Women in Prison: How We Are." The Black Scholar 12 November 1981): 50-56.

Sharpley-Whiting, T Denean. "Affinities: U.S. Radical Black Feminist Consciousness, and Fanon." In Franz Fanon: Conflicts & Feminisms. New York: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1998.

Sheftall, Beverly-Guy. "Response from a 'Second Waver' to Kimberly Springer's 'Third Wave Black Feminism'." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 27, no. 4 (2002): 1091-1094.

Shockley, Ann Allen. "The New Black Feminists." Northwest Journal of African and Black American Studies 2 (Winter 1974): 1-6.

Simien, Evelyn M. "Black Feminist Theory: Charting a Course for Black Women's Studies in Political Science." in Black Women's Intellectual Traditions: Speaking Their Minds, eds. Kristin Waters and Carol B. conaway. Burlington: Vermont University Press; Hanover: University of New England Press, 2007.

          . Black Feminist Voices in Politics. Albany: State University of New York, 2006.

          . "Gender Differences in Attitudes Toward Black Feminism Among African Americans." Political Science Quarterly 119, no. 2 (Summer 2004): 315-338.

Singleton, Carrie Jane. "Race and Gender in Feminist Theory." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 6, no. 1 (1989): 12-17.

Sloan, Margaret. "Black Feminism: A New Mandate." Ms., May 1974, 97-100.

Smith, Barbara. "Notes From Yet Another Paper on Black Feminism, Or Will the Real Enemy Please Stand Up." Conditions Five 2, no. 1 (1979): 123-127.
          . "Some Home Truths on the Contemporary Black Feminist Movement." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in The Black Scholar 16 (March/April 1985): 4-13.

          . The Truth that Never Hurts: Writings on Race, Gender, and Freedom. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

          . "'We Refuse to Be Bought Off': An Open Letter From Barbara Smith." Women's Forum June 1998, 8.

Smith, Barbara, and Beverly Smith. "Across the Kitchen Table: A Sister-to-Sister Dialogue." In This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color, eds. Cherrie Moraga and Gloria Anzaldua.Watertown, MA: Persephone Press, 1981.

Solomon, Irvin D. Feminism and Black Activism in Contemporary America: An Ideological Assessment. Westpot, CT: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Spelman, Elizabeth. "Gender & Race: The Ampersand Problem in Feminist Thought." In Feminism & 'Race', ed. Kum Kum Bhavnani. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Springer, Kimberly, ed. Still Lifting, Still Climbing: Contemporary African American Women's Activism. New York: New York University Press, 1999.

          . "Third Wave Black Feminism." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 27, no. 4 (2002): 1059-1081.

Steady, Filomina Chioma. "African Feminism: A Worldwide Perspective." In Women in Africa and the African Diaspora: A Reader, eds. Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, and Andrea Benton Rushing.Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1996.

          . "Women and Collective Action: Female Models in Transition." In Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women, eds. Stanlie M. James and Abena P.A. Busia. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Summers, Martin. "'This Immortal Practice': The Prehistory of Homophobia in Black Nationalist Thought." In Gender Nonconformity, Race, and Sexuality: Charting the Connections, ed. Toni Lester. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

Taylor, Kim. "Invisible Woman: Reflections on the Clarence Thomas Confirmation Hearings." In Critical Race Feminism: A Reader, ed. Adrien Katherine Wing. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Taylor, Ula Y. "Making Waves: The Theory and Practice of Black Feminism." The Black Scholar 28, no. 2 (1998): 18-28.

          . "'Read[ing] Men and Nations': Women in the Black Radical Tradition." Souls 1, no. 4 (Fall 1999): 72-80.

Terrell, Mary Church. Colored Women in a White World. Washington, D.C.: Ransdell Publishing, 1940.

Terrelonge, Pauline. "Feminist Consciousness and Black Women." In Women: A Feminist Perspective, ed. Jo Freeman 3rd ed. Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield Publishing Co., 1984.

Torrey, Jane W. "Racism and Feminism: Is Women's Liberation For Whites Only" Psychology of Women Quarterly 4 (December 1979): 281-293.

Townes, Emilie M. "Black Women and Social Evil: Ida B. Wells-Barnett's Socail and Moral Prerspectives as Resources for a Contemporary Afro-Feminist Social Ethic." NWSA Journal 1, no. 3 (Spring 1989): 568-569).

Trescott, Jacqueline. "Black Feminist on the Front Line, Feminist Theorists on the Front Line: Michele Wallace is Fighting for a New Order for Black Women and She's Getting Flak." Washington Post, 7 February 1979, B1.

Umansky, Lauri. "'The Sisters Reply': Black Nationalist Pronatalism, Black Feminism, and the Quest For a Multicultural Movement, 1965-1974." Critical Matrix 2 (1994): 19-50. Reprinted in Motherhood Reconceived: Feminism and the Legacies of the Sixties. Lauri Umansky. (New York: New York University Press, 1996).

Valk, Anne. "Coalition Building against Sexual Violence." In Radical Sisters: Second-Wave Feminism and Black Liberation in Washington, D.C.. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

          . "Defining Welfare Rights." In Radical Sisters: Second-Wave Feminism and Black Liberation in Washington, D.C.. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

          . "Women and Black Liberation." In Radical Sisters: Second-Wave Feminism and Black Liberation in Washington, D.C.. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Wade-Gayles, Gloria. "Hemorrhaging, and a Call to Arms for the Poor: A Response to the Clarence Thomas Confirmation Hearings." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 7, no. 2 (1990): 54-57.

Walker, Rebecca. "Becoming the Third Wave." In Court of Appeal: The Black Community Speaks Out on the Racial Politics of Clarence Thomas vs. Anita Hill, eds. Robert Chrisman and Robert L. Allen. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992.

          . "Being Real: Introduction." In To Be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism, ed. Rebecca Walker. New York: Doubleday, 1995.

Wallace, Michele. "On the National Black Feminist Organization." In Feminist Revolution: Redstockings of the Women's Liberation Movement. New York: Random House, 1978.

Ware, Cellestine. "The Relationship of Black Women to the Women's Liberation Movement." In Women Power: The Movement for Women's Liberation. New York: Tower Publications, 1970.

Weathers, Mary Ann. "An Argument for Black Women's Liberation as a Revolutionary Force." In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originally published in Voices From Women's Liberation, ed. Leslie Tanner (Boston: Beacon Press, 1970).

White, Aaronette M. "Talking Feminist, Talking Black: Micromobilization Processes in a Collective Protest Against Rape." Gender & Society 13, no. 1(1999): 77-100.

White, Carol Wayne. "Toward an Afra-American Feminsm." In Women: A Feminist Perspective, ed. J. Freeman. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing, 1995.

White, Frances E. "Africa on My Mind: Gender, Counterdiscourse and African American Nationalism. " In Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, ed. Beverly Guy-Sheftall. New York: New Press, 1995. Originallypublished in Journal of Women's History 2 (Spring 1990): 90-94.

          . "Listening to the Voices of Black Feminism." Radical America 18, nos. 2-3 (1984): 7-25.

Wilcox, Clyde. "Black Women and Feminism." Women and Politics 10, no. 3 (1990): 65-84.

          . "Race and Gender Consciousness Among African American Women: Sources and Consequences." Women and Politics 17, no. 1 (1997): 73-95.

Williams, Lynora. "Violence Against Women." The Black Scholar 12, no. 1 (January-February 1981): 18-24

Williams, Patricia J. The Alchemy of Race and Rights: A Diary of a Law Professor.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.

          . "Disorder in the House: The New World Order and the Socioeconomic Status of Women." In Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women, ed. Stanlie M. James and Abena P.A. Busia. New York: Routledge, 1993.

          . "On Being the Object of Property." In Theorizing Feminism: Parallel Trends in the Humanities and Social Sciences, eds. Anne C. Hermann and Abigail J. Stewart. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. Originally published in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 14, no. 1 (1988): 5-24. Reprinted in The Alchemy of Race and Rights: Diary of a Law Professor. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991).

          . Roosters Egg: On the Persistence of Prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.

          . Seeing a Color-Blind Future: The Paradox of Race. Noonday Press, 1998.

Zook, Kristol Brent. "A Manifesto of Sorts for a Black Feminist Movement." New York Times Magazine, 12 November 1995, 86-89.

- click here to return to the top of page and menu -
gutter spacer border spacer
border spacer gutter spacer border spacer
border spacer gutter spacer This Web site was made possible by a grant from the Librarians Association of the University of California. Author: Sherri L. Barnes, UCSB Libraries.
Updated: 8/8/13
Return to UCSB Libraries Women's Studies Research Guide or UCSB Libraries home page.

All images, artwork, and design are copyrighted © and may not be used or reproduced without the express written consent from the following: Background image extrapolated from "True Self" © Karin Turner. "The Juggler (Conflagration)" © Karin Turner. Site design © Gwen Harlow. License to use images may be available through private treaty with the artist.
gutter spacer border spacer
border spacer gutter spacer menu spacer gutter spacer body spacer gutter spacer border spacer
borderspacer gutter spacer menu spacer gutter spacer body spacer gutter spacer border spacer
spacer